Fifty percent is not always equal to fifty percent. It is a truth when the male and female population of the world is analyzed while focusing on various parameters of their equality. According to world’s population statistics, women are approximately equal in number compared to the male population. Interestingly, the female population is greater than male population in developed countries, but despite continuous social awareness through international women empowerment movements, they still suffer to be treated as equal as men. Same is true in their professional environments. Throughout the world, it is observed particularly that in most occupations, women are still unequal to men in three areas: salary, power, and status.
At Work Places
Gender-based wage or salary discrimination is defined as the difference in earnings between men and women when both of them have similar professions and qualifications. Paul Burstein in his article ‘Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy.’ stated, “Historically, wage discrimination has favored men over similarly qualified women”. There are many reasons for this such as racism and variety of social cultures. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), “The gendered wage gap varies in its width among different races”. The statistical data has shown that this gap is largest in ‘Whites’ where wages earned by women are 78% of the men’s wages. The wage-gap number is 90% in case of African American and 88% in Hispanic origin. The same is quite obvious when women and men are compared to various industries and professions such as sports and film industry. As an example, to get an idea of annually earned incomes and individual’s assets, one may refer to the ‘Forbes’ lists issued every year where the male dominance is quite clear and obvious in various industries and professions.
Power and Influence
Power is another aspect where gender discrimination prevails, with women being on the lower side. Power here means the influence or control of a woman leader or employer within the work organization or professional environment. According to the report of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2010), 76% of heads of various organizations within U.S were male in 2009. This clearly indicates that not all, but the majority of women were not able to reach the top of an organization’s hierarchy. There can be numerous reasons for this, but this is how it is.
Finally, status in occupations and at workplaces is also a prominent area where men are dominating compared to women. Numbers of literature studies indicate that in general when being evaluated for a certain job position, it is very common that men are favored compared to women, especially if women are having children. This indicates that women, especially those having children are generally considered to take care of their families while the men are supposed as more feasible choices for long duration careers. For the majority of women, it is difficult to present best of their capabilities at both places simultaneously and this results in weak performances of women at workplaces especially after their first or second child’s birth. An experimental study conducted by Hunter College’s professor Pamela Stone indicates that 90 % of women quit their job after giving birth to their second child. This highlights that for a woman with the parental role, it is difficult to manage two jobs, one at her house while the other at her workplace. There are numerous exceptions where women simultaneously manage both, home and workplace.
To summarize, it may be stated that although women constitute the equal proportion of world’s population, they are generally not considered equal to men in their occupations. However, at the same time, while analyzing the reasons behind this, the answers are not always the negatives. Women play an equal role as men, in one way or another. The most prominent of their role is the house management where they make a tradeoff between their two jobs, at home and at the workplace. But still, it is true that women are not equally treated in their occupations for the same job or profession in terms of salary, power, and status.