Since 1947, India-Pakistan relation has been series of highs and lows. Likewise, 2016 was one of the worst years. Following are the examples that further strengthen the point.
One, SAARC summit which was scheduled to be hosted by Pakistan in November, has been postponed after India pulled out of the event “in the prevailing circumstances”, Nepalese media reported on Wednesday. Following India, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh too pulled out. SAARC was for the stability in the region. But, opposite is the case here. Due to the tense relation between India and Pakistan, achieving something from SAARC is impossible. Though, Pakistan keeping aside its harshness, ready to organized it. Pakistan hosted it and provided security to the delegates. Yet, SAARC summit failed like previous ones. These are the reasons why South Asian countries are lagging behind others. Contrary to SAARC, ASEAN is doing its best. That is why one could see results of cooperation in terms of their advancement.
Two, The 6th Ministerial Conference on Heart of Asia-Istanbul process of Afghanistan adopted the Amritsar declaration to focus on concerned countries to address terrorism and enhance regional economic cooperation. The major issues of discussion were countering of terrorism to stabilize Afghanistan and providing connectivity to Afghanistan to strengthen economic activities and help the development process. It was attended by 45 delegates, the leading topic of discussion was terrorism. It was the best platform to address grievances. Sadly, Opposite occurred. The Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in his address rapped Pakistan and accused it of launching an undeclared war and assisting terror groups like the Taliban. However, Russia and China spoke in favour of Pakistan. Made them notice the sacrifices and efforts of Pakistan to eradicate terrorism.
Three, most important issue, Kashmir issue. It has been the bone of contention between Pakistan and India. 3-4 wars were fought between them, In addition to war, small skirmishes go on. Merely, the killing of Burhan Wani added fuel to the situation. This generation of Kashmiris is more determined. India blames uprising in Kashmir on Pakistan. India thinks that uprising is supported by Pakistanis unofficially and condemning the murder of Burhan Wani officially. That is why Pakistan is behind the uprising. Still, Pakistan is ready to talk. It shows Pakistan favours negotiation.
Four, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi told at the treaty review meeting that “blood and water cannot flow together.”. The two countries signed the Indus Water Treaty in 1960 which govern how water will be distributed between the two countries. According to the treaty, India controls the Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers, while Indus, Chenab and Jhelum rivers are controlled by Pakistan. Pakistan is deeply dependent on those three western rivers and particularly the Indus. India threatens to ditch the IWT to punish its downstream neighbour. But, then it could set a dangerous precedent and give some ideas to Pakistan’s ally, China. Additionally, Beijing could retaliate by cutting off the Brahmaputra flows — which originates in Tibet — down to India, depriving New Delhi of the ability to limit the river’s flows to Pakistan. This is again in favour of Pakistan.
By keeping in view every aspect, it can be deduced that India’s move to isolate Pakistan is a myth. Be it China or Russia or any other country, they are with Pakistan. It can also be said that Pakistan is not the one behind provoking wars. Therefore, It is likely to say that work on the confidence building measures is the need of the time. To add, trade can help countries standing in the row of developed countries.