Democracy: The Political Structure and Its Fruits

Democracy: The Political Structure and Its Fruits


The political structure is one of the four components of the state; the people, the sovereignty, land, and the government. Different countries choose different political structures to govern the state. Democracy and communism are the common words of mouth across the world. We, Pakistan had has opted democracy as envisaged by the founding father of the nation, Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

Democracy commonly means government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power lies in the hand of the people. And powers exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

Pakistan unfortunately, has often caught itself in the political uncertainty since its inception. The tragic and early death of the Quaid e Azam left the country to fall under dark clouds. Where the destination of the new born country used to be scripted by the world powers. Political turmoil provided the opportunity to the great powers and some army generals to exploit the circumstances.

Consequently, military coups of 1958, 1977 and 1999 by the Ayub khan, Zia-ul-Haq, and Musharraf respectively. They made the already weakened state reminiscent to dark ages. The constitution of 1956 and 1962 architected solely to help the boss in khaki to extend their rule. Until the parliamentary form of government was framed by the then prime minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, in 1973. Which helped to pave a way towards the smooth journey ahead, especially in a political sphere.

Regrettably, out of the 69 years of its birth, Pakistan has wasted around 40 years in the so-called economically viable option of dictatorship. While the remaining years with the democratic government were regularly disturbed by the directives of the bosses and the international dictation.

During 2008 to 2013, the first democratically elected government backed by parliament cover could transfer its power to the incoming democratic government. One has to confess and appreciate the milestones and fruits of the weak and fragile democracy.

following are the few remarkable contribution on part of democracy from 2008 to 2016:

1) China-Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC): Initially of the amount of $46 billion dollars reached up to $51 billion dollars is believed to be the game changer for Pakistan-mostly on an economical sphere. It consists of energy projects, infrastructure and industrial zones which have a potential to make Pakistan the regional power in times to come. It is the matter of fact, speedy and timely implementation is likely to spread job opportunities, boost economic growth and improves trade position of Pakistan. Most importantly, it links Pakistan with central and south Asia. Furthermore, due to its greater prospects, Iran, Russia, and other Asian countries are willing to participate in this project thus, it further widens its scope.


2) Constitutional Reforms: Following the years after the constitution of 1973, Zia ul-Haq and Musharraf tried to clip the power of the parliament by introducing presidential setup. So once democracy revived in the years after 2008, it made much needed constitutional amendments. The 18th amendment (provincial autonomy), The 19th amendment (it has taken powers from the Chief Justice of Pakistan for the appointment of ad hoc judges and transferred them to the Judicial Council of Pakistan (JCP)). The 20th amendment (It has set down a process to install a caretaker set-up and hold free and fair elections and matters related to the office of Chief Election Commissioner and Member of Election Commission).

3) All Parties Conference(APC): It has been seen that democratically elected representatives of the people on many important times gathered to express their opinion, hold discussions and draw way forward. Pakistan was trapped by the blocks of terrorism from western borders and regular killings of the innocent civilians a few years ago. Subsequently, after Army public attack in Peshawar, the military, and the civilians authorities framed a full fledge mechanism to curb the ever rising threat of terrorism. Thus, the national action plan was introduced. Statistically, a decline in terrorist attacks and removal of the bad image of Pakistan is due to the strength of the parliament. 

4) Economic indicators: We often hear the taunt of the world that Pakistan has a destructive economy. Sadly, people are of the view that the economy takes off in the martial law regimes but they usually ignore the long-term damages it causes to the country. Contrary to this view, last few years of democracy, shown great improvements in the economic life of Pakistan. According to the recent economic survey report 2016, GDP is 4% which is quite satisfactory and predicted to be improved in the coming years. Besides, investment is 14.1% which is because of the confidence building measures for the investors and taken by the government. Inflation is 4.6% which is mild and acceptable in the short term. The interest rate is 5.75% which helps to promote trade and spending on part of consumers thus production and jobs jointly go upward.



About author

Qaiser Rizwan Abbasi

The author is the student of bachelors in business administration. He has a keen passion for politics and current affairs and he loves to share his ideas, opinion, and understanding.

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